Many employers are well-trained to interview potential employees.
Others, however, may not be skilled in the art of interviewing. Maintain
your professionalism and use effective interviewing techniques, whatever
the skill level of the interviewer. Interviewers adopt different
techniques for each interview and it is valuable for the job seeker to
recognize these styles in preparation for interviews.
- Directed - A directed interview has a definite structure.
The interviewer will usually have an agenda and a list of
- Nondirected - A nondirected interview tends to be less
structured. The interviewer may ask broad, general questions and
not take charge of the interview. The applicant is nonverbal
encouraged to present qualifications.
- Stress - A stress-styled interview is not as common as
other interview styles. It is used to determine how the applicant
reacts under pressure. There are many possible forms of stress
interviews, which may include timed and problem-solving tasks.
- Group - A group interview is one where several candidates
are interviewed at once. This style is often used to determine how
candidates interact as team members, or may be used if the
organization hires in large numbers.
- Board - A board-style interview involves more than one
interviewer questioning a candidate. While similar to the directed
interview, it is necessary to establish rapport with each
interviewer. Direct eye contact is extremely important.
Whatever the interview situation or style, remember to:
- Be articulate.
- Demonstrate confidence.
- Avoid "yes" or "no" responses.
- Show enthusiasm.
- Respond to nonverbal cues such as nodding and smiling.
- Avoid excessive mannerisms and fidgeting.
- Avoid bringing up negative information about past job
experiences, co-workers, or former employers.
- Always present the best of your background or qualifications.
More interview formats: