As its name suggests, the Sentence
Completion question requires you to complete a sentence with one or two
blanks. Immediately after the question are the five answer choices.
Which choice is correct solely depends on the information provided by
the original sentence. That’s to say, the original sentence is the only
place where you can seek clues for filling the blank.
There are about 6 Sentence Completion
questions on the test day, and in most cases, the first question in the
verbal section is Sentence Completion. Sentence Completion is rarely
difficult for most students, but sometimes it may be a problem for
international students when they are unfamiliar with the key word or
phrase that serves the clue for completing sentence. You should know
there are no more clues that you can seek elsewhere like the long
passage in reading comprehension question. That’s why some international
students prefer reading compression questions to sentence completion
questions. There is no shortcut for understanding the meaning of key
words. The only way is to memorize as more English words as possible.
Given that you know the meaning of every
word or phrase in the question, the sentence can be easily completed by
identifying the clues in the original sentences. In the following
passages, we will discuss how to seek problem solving clues, such as
transitional words that indicate the relationship of each sub-sentence,
and so on.
analogy question, you are given a pair of capitalized words and other
five pairs of lower-case words. You are then required to choose a pair
of words among the five that has the same logical relationship as the
original capitalized pair. The analogy question not only tests your
vocabulary base, but also tests your ability to recognize the logical
relationship between two words. Here is an example.
(A) cat :
animal : pig
The first colon (:) means "to" and the two colons (::)
means "is as". We read the question as "horse to mare is as…" Next, we
need to define the relationship between this pair of words. What is the
relationship between horse and mare? A “mare” is a female horse.
So, a rationale for this analogy could be “Y (a mare) is a female X”.
Because analogy problems require us to look for a pair of words that
have the same relationship has the initial two words, we are looking for
a pair in which the second word
is a female of
second word. Once you have determined the relationship between the given
pair of words and state it in your mind in sentence form, read through
the answer choices substituting the possible pairs into the same
sentence you have created to describe the initial pair.
Let's work through the answer choices. Is a kitten a
female cat? No, this does not make sense. Is a woman a female adult?
Yes, this really makes sense. Choices B, C, and D do not have such
It is extremely important to pick up the pair of words
that has the same order in relationship.
define the relationship
a sentence that expresses the relationship between the two capitalized
sentence should not be too general. If it is, then it is highly possible
that more one answer choices would fit into that sentence. Therefore,
you should explain the relationship as precisely as you could. The more
precise your sentence, the easier it is to pick up the right answer.
look at an example.
: ASTRONOMER ::
We are trying to create a sentence that describes a
relationship between the words telescope and astronomer. Let's say we
use the sentence, a “telescope” is an instrument commonly used in the
work of an “astronomer”. Therefore, a rationale for this analogy could
be “X (a telescope) is an instrument commonly used in or associated
with the work of a person called a Y (astronomer).” A “brush” is an
instrument commonly used in the work of a “painter.” Therefore, D is the
pick up the choice until you believe it is the best of the five pairs.
Let’s look at an example to see why we should approach
the analogy problem in such way.
MATRIX : NUMBER ::
You may define the relationship of the word “matrix” and
“number” as: matrix is composed of numerous numbers. In this way,
choice A would be great because gas is composed of numerous molecules.
If you do not move to the last choice, you will not find a better pair.
Choice E is the one. Crystal is defined as a regular arrangement of
atoms. For the setup pair, matrix can be defined as a regular
arrangement of numbers. The two pairs of words perfect match in
relationship. Therefore, E is the best answer.
about 9 antonyms on verbal section of the GRE. The questions are mixed
in with the analogies, sentence completions, and reading comprehension.
In antonym question, you are given a capitalized word, and then required
a pick up a word among five that is opposite or nearly opposite to the
original word in meaning. A sample antonym questions looks like this:
the words is opposite in meaning to the word “profound”? The word
“profound” can be adjective or noun. Should we consider it in two
functions? The answer is that the five words should be considered in
same function. Here it is an adjective. “Profound” means difficult
to understand or far below the surface. In choice A, “superficial” means
lying on surface, directly opposite to the meaning of “profound”.
“Precipitous” means steep in rise or fall, “deep” means same as
“profound”, “tarnished” means losing luster, and “innocuous” means
harmless. Among the five words, only “superficial” has the meanings that
are opposite to the given capitalized.
Be alert to secondary meaning of a word. The GRE writers often use
common words but with its uncommon meaning.
words in sentence
word is difficult to understand, when combined into phrases or
sentences, however, we have little trouble. If you don’t recognize the
meaning of a word, think of a phrase in which you have hear it before.
the root word
not know a given word, but you can spot the root word to deduce the
meaning of the original word. Most words are derived from other words.