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Answers to the Sample GED Questions

Language Arts, Writing

1. Answer 3: The use of the original verb form, “have resulted,” implies that the applicant and the employer have already been working together. However, because the applicant is actually seeking employment, it is clear that he has not worked with this company before. The verb form “would result” effectively conveys the possibility for a profitable future relationship for both if the applicant were to be hired.

2. Answer 5: This question requires you to identify the sentence fragment and revise it so that the resulting sentence (which combines the first sentence and the fragment) is structured more effectively.

3. Answer 2: I n the original sentence, the words between the commas separate main sentence parts, thereby interrupting the clear flow of ideas. By moving the distracting words to the beginning of the sentence and following with “I will be able...,” the relationship of holding the position and being able to put skills and knowledge into practice is clarified.

4. Answer 4: This question requires you to recognize that paragraph B needs a topic sentence. You must refer to the entire paragraph to select the most effective topic sentence. In organizational questions of this type, all five alternatives are grammatically correct, but because of problems in tone or content, only one alternative is appropriate.

5. Answer 3: In this list of three categories that appear on the applicant’s resume, a comma must be used to separate the first and second items.

6. Answer 1: This organizational question requires you to study the entire document to determine where an effective paragraph break should occur. A paragraph starting with sentence 3 would clearly summarize and highlight the applicant’s educational and professional qualifications.


Social Studies

1. Answer 4: This application question requires you to focus on a universal immigration issue that is related to the information but newly introduced by the question, It is a general case of a concrete situation that faces all countries—that is, the regulation of immigration to a country. The concept of scarcity (4) is the only logical reason for restrictions among the alternatives offered.

2. Answer 5: (1), (2), (3), and (4) are all facts stated or implied in the passage. (5) is what many immigrants have hoped for, but whether they have found a better life is unknown.

3. Answer 3: This comprehension question requires you to interpret the symbolic meaning of the person wearing the cape and to understand the meaning of the words between the two legislators in the cartoon. The answer shows the connection between cartoon superheroes and politics in the United States—senior citizens in the United States had considerable political clout at the time this cartoon was printed.

4. Answer 1: This analysis question requires you to understand that senior citizens have responded unfavorably to certain congressional plans that deal with federally funded health and welfare insurance programs that affect seniors’ lives. You must know that a powerful political lobby exists in the United States that supports seniors’ desire for federal support for social insurance programs. There is insufficient or contradictory evidence in the cartoon regarding (2), (3), (4), and (5).

5. Answer 4: This evaluation question requires you to understand how to read the results of a customer survey. You must also recognize information that supports the correct generalization that customers tend to perceive that they receive faster service from businesses that sell fewer brands of a certain product (in this case, computers). Technodazzle satisfied 100% of its customers for service promptness—more than any other—and it sold only one brand of computer (4). All of the other companies (1), (2), (3), and (5) scored lower in service promptness and sold more brands of computers than Technodazzle. Technodazzle shoppers also rated the company higher in the “reliable advice” category than did the other shoppers in their experiences at other stores.

6. Answer 1: This application question requires the candidate to read and understand a short excerpt from the U.S. Declaration of Independence. The candidate must understand the meaning of “unalienable Rights” in the document and determine which, among several political actions taken by the U.S. government, have elements that deny the right to “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” Slavery, though legal at the time and upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court, denied liberty and political rights to many blacks in the United States and its territories in 1857 (1). The Fifteenth (2), the Nineteenth (3), and the Twenty-sixth (5) Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, and the 1964 Civil Rights Act (4) actually extended political rights to more and more people in the United States.


Language Arts, Reading

1. Answer 4: The clear statement in this section of the excerpt—"Gifts for Influence"—is that this kind of business dealing is unacceptable to this company.

2. Answer 1: This level of comprehension question is slightly more difficult than the previous question because the answer is implied but not stated. Alternatives (2) and (3) are distractors requiring that you read the passage with accuracy and precision.

3. Answer 3: This analysis question requires you to closely read a specific line in the text integrated with the content.

4. Answer 5: This question requires you to analyze the rules about conflict of interest to conclude that alternative (5) would be an example of this issue.

5. Answer 4: With the exeption of alternative (4), all of the other alternatives use a similar instructional tone as in most of the excerpt. Alternative (4) is the only expamle of the milder language that appears occaisionally in the excerpt to soften the strong tone.

6. Answer 2: The strongest distractor for this question is alternative (3) because it references “rules for behavior,” which is an attractive choice. However, the excerpt does not contain any warnings or consequences, which the second half of this distractor mentions.

7. Answer 5: This is another example of a synthesis question. As described in Question 7, the stem of the question gives an additional piece of information that you must consider with the information from the passage. In this case, the new information covers a completely different area of employee behavior. The conclusion must be drawn that the company is very strict about employee behavior in at least these two discrete areas. The clear implication is that employees are probably held to high expectations in all areas, and a prudent prospective employee might want to be forearmed with this information.

8. Answer 2: The stem for this question casts the excerpt in a completely new light. Now you must consider the rules from the point of view of the owner who wishes to enforce them, rather than the employee who wishes to obey them. Furthermore, the employer wants to identify a person to enforce the rules and is considering the characteristics that person must possess.


Science

1. Answer 2: The force of Earth's gravity lessens rapidly as an object (for example, an astronaut) gets farther from Earth's center. This force of gravity is not affected significantly by weather conditions or the astronaut's physical characteristics or occupation.

2. Answer 4: Clay soil absorbs and holds more water than sandy soil. Its ability to swell or shrink as the water content changes should help to maintain the pond by retaining more water. Because of its shifting characteristics, clay soil would not be a good choice for building a stable foundation.

3. Answer 4: In osmosis, water flows through a cell membrane in the direction of a higher concentration of water molecules to a lower concentration. In this example, the highest initial concentration of water molecules is located in area A, the soil, and the lowest concentration of water molecules is found in area B—the large root hair. The process of osmosis will continue from area A to B until the concentration of water molecules is balanced between the root hair and the soil.

4. Answer 2: In a salt solution, microscopic particles of salt will pass through either a cloth or paper filter and will be unaffected by bubbling or spinning in a mixer, making (1), (3), (4), and (5) incorrect. Only (2)—boiling the water—will leave a salty residue on the original container.

5. Answer 3: To be buoyant, an object must displace an amount of liquid at least equal to its weight. Any action that makes the tank heavier than the weight of the liquid it displaces will prevent the tank from flooating. All the alternatives except (3) will make the tank heavier than the weight of the liquid displaced. Therefore, only (3) will allow the tank to float off the bottom of the pit.

6. Answer 1: The viscosity of a liquid—its internal resistance to flow—is closely related to its temperature. As a liquid's temperature decreases, and it gets colder, the viscosity of that liquid will increase. Only alternative (1) mentions temperature as a factor.


Mathematics

1. Answer: 3. The Math formulas page will be helpful for this question. You must use the appropriate formula for the volume of a cylinder and recognize that its radius is half of the diameter shown. Once the volume is computed that answer is divided by 8000. Since only whole gallons are to be poured into the bucket the quotient is rounded down. The concept of rounding up or down (as appropriate to a particular situation) to produce a whole-number answer is an important one for you to understand.

Volume of bucket: (3.14) x (20)� x (60) = 75,360 cm�

75,360 � 8000 = 9.42 gallons

The answer is rounded down because 10 whole gallons would not fit. Final answer: 9 gallons.

2. Answer: 4. You must recognize similar triangles in the diagram and set up the correct proportion, which could be expressed as: .

Letting AB be represented by x and substituting the other measures from the diagram, the proportion is then solved for the unknown measure: .

Cross-multiplying: 10x = 1000

Dividing by 10: x = 100

The final answer is 100 feet.

3. Answer: 2. You must recognize that the perimeter of the rectangle must be found and multiplied by the cost per foot of the trim used. The cell locations become the variables in the formula.

(perimeter of rectangular window) times (price per foot of wood trim)
(2 x length + 2 x width) x price per foot
(2 x A7 + 2 x B7) x C7

4. Answer: 2. The paycheck would be added to the existing balance, and the checks written would be subtracted. The realistic amounts in the question would require considerable time for the arithmetic to be done by hand, but the values can be entered into the calculator in one continuous string as they are presented in the expression.

New balance = Old balance + paycheck
    deposited - checks written
New balance = 1219.17 + 2425.66 - 850.00
    - 235.89 - 418.37
New balance = $2140.57

5. Answer: 700. The formula for simple interest is found on the Formulas page.This page is also available in the front of the Mathematics Test.

   simple interest = principal x rate x time
   simple interest = $5000 x 0.07 x 2
   simple interest = $700


Alternate-format responses can be right-, left-, or center-justified, as shown in the examples below.

Note that mixed numbers such as 3 1/2 cannot be gridded. They must be changed to a decimal or fraction form. In the case of 3 1/2, the answer could be gridded as 3.5 or as 7/2.

 

6. Answer: 1/4, 0.25, or .25. Since Kyle is serving four from a recipe designed for eight, he needs 4/8, or 1/2 the amount of each ingredient. One half of 1/2 teaspoon is found by multiplying:

(1/2) x (1/2) = 1/4

This answer could be gridded using the decimal equivalent of 1/4, namely 0.25, or .25, but, in this example, the fraction is gridded to illustrate the use of the fraction bar.

Note that mixed numbers such as 3 1/2 cannot be gridded. They must be changed to a decimal or fraction form. In the case of 3 1/2, the answer could be gridded as 3.5 or as 7/2.

7. Answer: See coordinate plane grid.The coordinates in the ordered pair are listed with the x-coordinate (horizontal) first and the y-coordinate (vertical) second. The point (3, -4) is located in the lower-right, or fourth, quadrant of the graph.


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