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TOEFL Vocabulary
 

TOEFL Vocabulary


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The following is a list of vocabulary words that often appear on the TOEFL* test. The underlined sections of a word provide links to definitions of that word's respective roots, prefixes and suffixes. It is recommended that students using this workshop frequently refer to the definitions. Sentences are provided as examples of usage.

Essential TOEFL Words


a pivotal figure
premium
a premium student
a range of
abandon
abbreviate
abrasion
abstract
absurd
abundance
accelerate
have access to
accessible
acclaim
accommodate
accommodating
accompany
accord
accumulate
accustom
acquaintance
acronym
acute
adapt
addictive
additive
adept
adjoining/adjacent
adjust
adobe
abode
adopt
adornment
advent
adverse
advocate
anesthetic
affect
affected
affectation
affiliate
afflict
affluent
aggravating
aggregate
agitation
akin to
alchemy
alder
sloth
algae
alien
all but
all inclusive
allocate
alloy
ally
alternate
altitude
latitude
aluminium
ambiance
amenable
amiable
amplify
ancestor
annihilate
annual
anomaly
anonymous
antibiotics
antiquate
apart from
appeal
appealing
apprentice
approach
aptly
aquatic
arch
archaeology
archipelago
architect
arduous
arena
arid
armature
aromatic
array
arthritis
arthrosis
artificial
artisan
as a rule
as a rough thumb
as far as
as such
ascend
ascribe to
aspriring
assemble
assert
associate
assorted
assume
assure
assurance
astounding
astute
at inerval
at one session
at the cutting age of
atomization
attach
attain
attire
attribute
auditorium
auger
automated/automatic
available
aviation
avocational
aware
awkward

backdrop
ballet
balmy
barb
barge
bark
barn
bare
barrier
barter
basement
be characterized by
be taken aback
be up to
beak
beam
bequest
besiege
bestow
bias
bitterness
bizarre
blanket
blast
blazing
bleak
blend
bless
block
blossom
blues
bluff
blunt
boslter
boom
boon
boost
bored
boundary
bow
breach
breeze
brilliant
briny
briskly
brittle
bronze
bubble
buckle
buggy
bulk
bundle
burdensome
burgeon
burrow
bust
bustle
by a of
by far

cab
cabinet
cactus(pl.)
caliberation
campaign
cannibalism
canopy
canyon
capability
capacity
carapace
carbonhydric
cardiac
cargo
carnival
carnivore
carve
cast
casting
category
cater
cathedral
cavern
cavity
cease
celestial
cell
cello
census
ceremony
chafe
chamber
chaos
charcoal
charter
chateau
check
chill
chimpanzee
chisel
cavalry
chop
choppy
cord
circulator
circulation desk
circumscribe
cite
civilian
civility
claim
clam
clamer
clan
classification
clay
cliff
cling to
clockwise
clumsy
cluster
code of law
codify
coexist
cohabit
cohesion
coincide
collaborate
collective
collide
collossus
combustible
comet
commision
committed
commodity
comonsense
communal
commuter
compact
companion
comparable
compatible
compel
compensation
competing
competitive
compile
complacence
complement
complex
complicated
comply with
component
compose of
composition
compound
compress
comprise
conceal
concede
conceive
conception
concerted
concise
concrete
condense
conder
conductivity
cona
confederate
configurate
confine to
confirm
conflict
confront
congenial
congestion
congregate
conifer
conjecture
consecutive
consequence
consequently
conservation
considerably
considerate
consortium
constantly
constitution
constrain
constrict
construction
consume
contemporary
contend
content
contest
continental
continuum
contract
contradict
contribution
controversial
convention
converge
converse
convex
convey
convict
conviction
coordinated
copy
coral
cord
corona
corps
corral
correspondingly
corridor
corset
cosmic
costume
council
counterbalance
counterpart
course
cowhand
crack
craft
crash
crater
crawl
creature
credit
crew
crisscross
criteria
critical
crooked
crowbar
crucial
crude
crumple
crunch
crush
crust
crustacean
crystal
cubic
culminate
cumbrous
curator
curriculum
custodian
cuticle
cylinder

dash
daunting
dawn
dazzling
debate
debris
declaration
decline
decorate
defecate
deference
deficiency
deform
defe
degradaton
dehydrate
deliberate
delicate
delta
demobilize
demolish
dense
depict
deplete
deposit
depredation
depreciation
depression
derive
desalination
descend
designate
desirable
desirous
desperate
despoil
destruction
detect
deter
deteriorate
determinant
devastate
device
devoid
devour
devout
diagonal
diameter
dictate
diction
differentiate
diffuse
digest
digress
dilute
deminish
dinosaur
discard
discern
discharge
discipline
discourage
discourse
discreet
disintegrate
dispense
disperse
disposal
disposed
disproportionate
dispute
disputant
disrepute
disseminate
dissipated
dissolve
distent
distinct
distinctive
distort
distract
distribute
diver
diverge
diverse
diversify
diversion
documentation
dodge
dogma
dolphin
domain
domestic
dominant
domination
dormant
dorsal
drag animal
drain
dramatic
drawback
drill
drought
ductile
dump
durable
dwarf

eccentric
eclipse
ecoligical
economize
edentate
edible
edifice
eject
elaborate
elaborately
electron
elegance
elevation
elicit
eligible
eliminate
elite
elixir
elliptical
elusive
embed
embellish
emboss
embryology
emerge
emigrate
emission
employ
enact
encounter
engrave
enormous
entangle
enterprise
entity
entrepreneur
enzyme
epidermis
epoch
equilibrium
equivalence
erect
erosion
eruption
eternal
ethically
ethnic
evaporate
eventful
evergreen
evident
eviscerate
evoke
evolution
exalt
excavate
exceed
excel
exception
excess
esclude
exclusive
execution
excutive
exempt
exert
exhale
exhibition
exobitance
expand
expedition
expenditure
expertise
explicite
exploit
exponential
express
expressive
extend
extensive
exterior
external
extinct
extract

fabic
facility
facilitation
faction
factor
faculty
fade
famine
fanatic
fascinate
fascinating
fashionable
fatal
fatigue
faucet
fauna
feasible
feat
feed on
fencing
fend
fertile
fertilize
festival
feverish
fibre
fiction
fidelity
fieldresearch
file
fir
flare
flake
flea
fleating
flexible
float
flock
fluctuation
folklore
follow suit
folly
forage
forbidden
forbidding
foremost
foresee
foreshadow
forge
formalize
formation
formidable
formulate
fort
fortify
fortuitous
fossilize
foster
fracture
fragile
fragment
fray
freight
frennetic
frenzy
frigid
fringe
from a far
frustrate
frustration
fume
function
fungi
fungus
furnish
fuse

galaxy
gallery
galvanize
gap
gassy
generation
generous
genetic
genial
genre
genuine
get in the way of
giant
girder
glacier
glamorous
gland
glassware
glimpse
global
go against agree to do sth.
go broke
gorgeous
gormand
granite
graphic
grasshopper
gravitation
grave
gravity
graze
grumble
gulf
gush
gymnastics
gyration

habitat
hail
hallmark
halt
hamper
handcraft
hands-on
harden
hardware
harness
harshness
haste
hatch
haul
haunt
haven
hazardous
heed
heel
helium
hem
hemisphere
herald
herculean
herd
heritage
heterogeneous
hibernation
hierachy
highlight
hinge
hinterland
hold a lot of stake
hollow
horizon
horizontal
hostile
house
huddle
hurl
hydrogen
hypersensitive
hypothesis

iceberg
icical
icon
identical
identifiable
ideology
idiom
ignite
illuminate
illusion
illustrate
imaginary
imbible
imitation
immense
immobilize
immune
impact
impair
impart
impediment
imperative
impermeable
impersonal
impersonate
impetuous
implement
implication
implicit
import
impose
imposing
impressive
imprint
imprisonment
improvise
in accord with
in common
in scales
in terms of
inaccessible
inactivate
inadequate
inappropriate
incapacitate
incessant
incident
inclination
incongruence
incongruent
incorporate
incredible
indent
indented
indicate
indispensable
individualism
inducible
induction
industrialization
inevitable
inextricable
intricate
infection
inferiority
infest
inflation
inflict
influx
ingenious
ingenuous
ingredient
inhabit
inherit
inhibit
innumerable
insanity
insight
insistence
inspection
inspiration
inspire
instantaneous
instinct
institute
institution
institutionalize
instructive
instructor
instrumentalist
insulin
insulting
insurmountable
intact
integral
integrate
intelligible
intense
intensive
intent
interact
interconnect
interdependent
interference
interior
interlock
internal
interpersonal
interpretation
interrupt
interstellar
interval
intervention
intimacy
intoxication
intricate
intriguing
intrinsic
intrude
invade
inventory
invertebrate
ion
irresistible
irreverence
irreversible
irrevocable
irrigate
isolated

jealousy
jellyfish
jest with
jolt
journalism
junction
jury
judgement
juxtaposition

keen
kennel
kernel
kerosene
kinetic

laborious
labyrinth
lament
landmass
landscape
landslide
larva
laser
latitude
lava
lavatory
lave
layer
layment
learn by rote
lease
ledge
legacy
legume
lengthen
lettuce
liable of
light bulb
linestone
linger
litter
livelihood
livingquarters
locomote
locomotive
log
long-range missile
loom
lore
lumber
luminosity
luminary
lure
lyric

magnesium
magnet
magnify
magnitude
maize
majestic
majority
makeup
malleability
malleable
mammal
mammoth
manoeuvre
mania
manifest
manifestation
manipulate
mansion
manual
margin
marine
maritime
markedly
marrow
mask
masonry
massive
masterpiece
mate
meagre
measures
machanic
mechanism
media
melodrama
memorial
mercantile
merchandise
metobolism
meteorite/meteor
meteorology
meticulous
metropolitan
micro-organism
microscope
migrate
milestone
millenarian
mime
mimetic
mingle
miniature
minimize
minuscule
minute
miraculous
mobility
mock
moderate
modify
moisture
molecule
molten
monochromatic
monopolise
monument
morale
morphology
mostdistinctive
motif
motivation
mortar
multifacetive
multiple
multistory
multitude
mundane
municipal
muscular
myriad
mysterious

nacotic
narrater
native to
neat
needy
neoclassical
neon
nerve cord
neural
neutron
neuter
niche
nickle
nonconformist
nontraditional
nostalgia
nostrum
not as yet
not so beautiful much a alurly
notch
note
notorious
noxious
nuclei

object to
obscure
obsess
obstacle
occurrence
off (great) scale
off shore
offspring
olfactory
on set
onslaught
opaque
optic
optimal/optimum
orchid
ore
organically
organism
orientation
originality
ornamental
ornamentation
ounce
outbreak
outlet
output
oval
overlap
overload
oversee
overtax
overwhelm
overwhelming
ox

pack
packed
painstaking
paleontologist
pane
panel
pants
paralysis
paralyze
paramount
paraphrase
parasite
particle
pasture
patent
pathogeny
patrol
patron
patronage
pebble
peculiaruty
pedant
penchant
penetrate
penetrating
peninsula
perceive
perch
percolate
percussion
percuss
peripheral
periphery
perishable
permeate
perpetuate
perplexing
persist
perspective
pertinent
pest
petal
pigment
pillow
pine
pit
pivotal
plank
plaster
plate
platitude
pliable
plight
plumbing
plumber
poisonous
polarize
pollen
pollutant
popular
portable
portent
portion
positive
possess
postal
postdate
posthumous
potential
pottery
poverty
prairie
precarious
precede
precipitate
precipitation
precursor
predator
predatory
predecessor
predominance
predominate
preeminent
prefabricate
prehistory
preponderance
ponderous
prerequisite
presence
presentation
preservation
preside over
prestige
pretension
prevail
prey
primal
primarily
primate
prime
primitive
priority
privilege
probe
proceed
process
proceeds
proclaim
proclivity
prod/spur
prodigious
prodigy
produce
proficiency
profile
prohibitive
proliferation
prolific
prominent
promising
promote
pronounced
proper
property
proponent
proportion
proprietorship
propulsion
prospect
prosper
prospertity
protectionist
protein
prototype
protrude
provincialism
provocative
prudent
pry open
publicize
punch
puncture
purification
pyramid

quaint
qualification
quarry
quench
quest
quiescent
quilt

radar
radiation
radical
radius
raft
ragtime
rally
rampant
rancher
range
range from sth. to sth.
rarefy
ration
rattlesnake
raven
readjust
realm
rear
rebellion
receptacle
receptor
recipe
recipient
recognise
reconstruct
recreation
rectangle
recycle
redirect
reed
refine
refined
reflection
refraction
refreshing
refreshment
refrigerate
regenerate
regime
regimentation
regulate
regulatory
rehabilitate
reign
reinterpret
reject
release
remainder
remanence
render
renounce
rent
reorient
replace
replenish
representation
reproduce
reptile
repute
resemble
reservior
residue
respective
restoration
restrict
retail
retain
retool
retreat
retrieve
reveal
reverend
reverse
revise
revitalization
revival
rhetoric
rhythm
ridge
rift
rigidity
riot
ripen
rite/ritual
rival
roam
robus
rod
roost
roust
rotate
rubble
rudimentary
rupture
rural
rustproof

sack
sacred
saddle
sample
sanctimonious
sanction
sanctuary
sanitation
satire
saturate
scale
scarce
scare
scatter
scavenger
scenery
scenic
scent
scheme
score
scramble
scratch
screen
screw
scruple
scuba
sculpture
sea cucumber
seabed
seaport
sea-ear
secrete
sect
sectional
sector
secular
securely
sediment
seedling
segment
seismal
self-sufficient
semimolten
sensibility
sensitive
sensimental
sequence
sequential
serene
serrate/serrated
set aside
setting
sewer
shatter
shear
shed
sheer
shelter
shepherd
shield
shifting
ship
shipwright
short-range
shriek
shrink
shrub
shutter
shuttle
signify
silicon
silversmith
simultaneous
scepticism/skepticism
skull
slab
slice
slide
slope
sloth
slowbreeding
smother
smuggle
snap
snappish
snippet
snowflake
snug
social distinction
solder
solemn
solidarity
solidify
solitary
solo
soluble
solution
soothe
sophisticate
sophistication
sort
soybean
spacecraft
spacious
span
span over
sparing
spark
sparse
spawn
specialize
species
specification
specimen
spectalcular
spectator
speculate
sphere
spinal
spiral
split
spoil
sponge
spontaneous
spotlight
spray
sprout
spur
squash
squeeze
squirt
stabilize
stagecoach
staggering
stagnant
staircase
stalk
stand the way of
staple
starch
starfish
starvation
starve
stash
stationary
status
steep
steer
stellar
stem
sterile
sticky
stiffen
stimulus
sting
stitch
stockcar
stoneman
stout
strained
strand
stratum
stretch
stride
strike
striking
string
stringent
strip
strive
stroke
stylize
subduce
subject to
submerge
submit
subsequent
subside
subsidize
subsist
substantial
substantive
substitute
subterranean
subtile
subtract
successive
succinct
sufficient
summit
sumptuous
superficial
superior
supernature
supplement
suppress
supreme
surface
surging
surpass
sustain
sustained
sustenance
swamp
swarm
sweep
symbiotic
symmetrical
sympathetic
synthetic
syrup

tableland
take into account
tariff
tavern
tectonics
tedium
telegraph
temple
temporal
tenant
tendency
tenement
tentacle
terminal
terminology
terrace
terrain
terrane
terrestrial
terrene
testify to
textile
texture
thigh
thread
three-dimensional
thrive
thunder storm
tilt
timber
time consuming
timid
tissue
to and fro
tolerance
topographical
topology
tornado
torpedo
torque
torrent
toxic
trace
track
trail
trample
tranquility
transcend
transcendent
transfer
transform
transition
translucent
transparent
transmit
transmitter
transplant
trap
tread
treason
tremendous
trench
trend
tribal
trickle
trigger
tropical
tub
tube
tumble
tundra
tunnel
turbulence
turbulent
turnpike
turquoise
twine
twist
tipify
tyrannical

ultrasonic
unadorned
unbridgeable
uncharted
undergo
underlying
undertake
undoubted
unexplored
unfertilized
unimaginable
uninhabited
unpalatable
unprecedented
unpredictable
unpromising
unravel
unregistered
unsubstantiated
untouched
upgrade
upland
urban
urbanism
urbanite
urbanization
usher
utilitarian
utilization
Utopian
utterly

vacancy
vanish
variable
variance
varnish
vault
vegetation
veil
veining
velocity
venerable
vent
venture
verse
version
vertebrate
vertical
vessel
viable
vigilance
violence
viral
viscosity
vivid
void
volatile
volcanic
voracious
vulnerable

waist
walnut
ward off
warehouse
warily
wary to
water
waxy
weary
weather
weird
weld
well-being
well-organized
whim
whimsical
whittle
wholesale
wholesome
willow
witness
wrap
wrack
wreck
wreckage

yawn
yarn
yield
yolk/yelk

zealous
 


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