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GRE Vocabulary

By doing some brainstorming, you can substantially boost your vocabulary base. If you have limited time to prep for GRE or have few weeks before the test, you can try to memorize a list of roosts. On the test day, you can guess by those roots.

 

ROOT

MEANING

EXAMPLE

1

act, ag, ig

act, drive

interact, counteract, agitate, activate

2

anim

breath, mind

animate, animosity, equanimity, pusillanimous

3

cad, cas, cid

fall

cascade, coincidence, casualty

4

cap, cep

receive, take

capacious, captivate, perceptible

5

cede, cess

go, yield

antecede, cession, intercede, precede

6

cid, cis

cut, kill

concise, excise, scission, suicide

7

cit

excite, call

recital, solicit, solicitous

8

claim, clam

cry out

acclaim, clamorous, proclaim, disclaim

9

clud, clus

close

conclude, occlude, reclusive, secluded

10

cor, cord, cour

hart, courage

concordant, discourage, discord

11

corp, corpor

body

corporeal, corpulent, incorporate

12

cours, cur, curs

run

concourse, precursor, excursion, incursion

13

cred

believe

accredit, creditable, miscreant, credulous

14

dic, dict

say

abdicate, benediction, malediction, jurisdiction

15

duc, duct

lead

abduct, aqueduct, seduce, subdue

16

equ

equal

adequate, equilibrium, equivocal, equipoise

17

fac, fact, fair, feat, fect, fic, fict

do, make

affair, affectation, artifact, beneficiary, factor, infectious, magnificent

18

fer

carry, bear

circumference, fertile, transfer

19

flu

flow

affluence, influential, superfluous

20

grad, gress

go, step

aggressive, ingredient, retrogressive

21

join, joint, junct

join, connect

adjunct, conjuncture, subjoin

22

locu, log, loqu

speak

allocution, circumlocution, grandiloquent

23

luc, lumin, lustr

light, brightness

elucidate, luminous, translucent

24

magn, maj, max

great

magnanimous, majesty, magnitude

25

main, man

hand

emancipate, manacle, manuscript

26

mini, minu

small

miniature, diminutive, diminish

27

mob, mom, mot, mov

move

commotion, momentous, immobile

28

pass, path

feel, suffer

antipathetic, apathetic, sympathetic

29

ped

foot

pedestrian, impediment, expeditious

30

pel, puls

drive, push

compulsory, impulsive, repulsive

31

vers, vert

turn

divert, inverse, controversy

32

vig, vit, viv

life

invigorate, vitalize, vivid

33

voc, vok

voice, call

advocate, irrevocable, vociferate

34

volu, volv

roll

intervolve, voluminous, revolt

 

 

 

 

 

PREFIX

MEANING

EXAMPLE

1

ab, abs

away, from

abdicate, abjure, abscond, abominate

2

ad

to, toward

adulterate, adhere, adjourn

3

bene

good

beneficial, benevolent, benignant

4

cata

down, complete

cataract, cataclysm, catastrophe

5

circum

around

circumference, circumlocution, circumstantial

6

co, com, con

with, together

coalesce, coherent, coincide, compassion, consensus

7

contra, contro, counter

against

contradict, counterattack, countermand, controversy, counterpart, counterfeit

8

de

down, complete

debase, depress, deduct

9

de, di, dis

away, off, not

decipher, desperate, detain, decode

10

dia

through, between, across

diacritic, diagonal, diaphanous, diatribe, diagram

11

e, ec, ex, extra

out

ebullient, eccentric, effectuate, emissary, exacerbate, exaggerate, explicable

12

em, en, im, in

in, upon

embellish, immanent, environment

13

fore

before

aforementioned, foredoom, forebear

14

inter

between, among

interaction, interrogate, intermission, intermingle

15

mal

bad

malcontent, malevolent, malnutrition

16

mon, mono

one

monarch, monotonous, monolog

17

para

beside, beyond

paradox, paraphrase, paragon

18

per

through, thoroughly

percolate, perspicuous, pertinacious

19

post

after, behind

postpone, postscript, posterity

20

pre

before

precede, prelude, presage

21

re

back, again

rebound, rehabilitate, rehearse

22

se

away, separate

secede, segregate, sever

23

sub, sus

under

subdivide, suffocate, subsequent

24

super, sur

over, above

superabundant, surfeit, surplus

25

sym, syn

with, together

sympathy, synthesis, syndicate

26

trans

across, through, over

transcend, translucent, transitory

27

uni

one

unanimous, unison, uniform

 

SUFFIX

MEANING

EXAMPLE

1

ain

people

villain, chaplain

2

aire

people

millionaire, billionaire

3

an, ian, ese

people

German, barbarian, Chinese

4

-ary

people

secretary, adversary

5

ee

people

employee, nominee , referee

6

eer

people

engineer, pioneer, volunteer

7

ess

people

actress, empress, hostess

8

-ician

people

electrician, musician, physician

9

ist

people

typist, antagonist, dogmatist

10

cle

small

miracle, particle, speckle

11

cule

small

minuscule, molecule, granules

12

el

small

model, pebble

13

en

small

kitten, maiden

14

et

small

cabinet, islet

15

let

small

leaflet, pamphlet, hamlet

16

proof

anti

waterproof, weatherproof, foolproof

17

ward

direction

backward, awkward, wayward

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