GMAT AWA Sample-Argument
following appeared as part of an annual report sent to stockholders by
Olympic Foods, a processor of frozen foods. “Over time, the costs of
processing go down because as organizations learn how to do things
better, they become more efficient. In color film processing, for
example, the cost of a 3-by-5-inch print fell from 50 cents for five-day
service in 1970 to 20 cents for one-day service in 1984. The same
principle applies to the processing of food. And since Olympic Foods
will soon celebrate its twenty-fifth birthday, we can expect that our
long experience will enable us to minimize costs and thus maximize
following appeared in a memorandum from the business department of the
Apogee Company. “When the Apogee Company had all its operations in one
location, it was more profitable than it is today. Therefore, the Apogee
Company should close down its field offices and conduct all its
operations from a single location. Such centralization would improve
profitability by cutting costs and helping the company maintain better
supervision of all employees.” Discuss how well reasoned . . . Etc.
3. The following appeared in a memorandum issued by a large city’s
council on the arts. “In a recent citywide poll, fifteen percent more
residents said that they watch television programs about the visual arts
than was the case in a poll conducted five years ago. During these past
five years, the number of people visiting our city’s art museums has
increased by a similar percentage. Since the corporate funding that
supports public television, where most of the visual arts programs
appear, is now being threatened with severe cuts, we can expect that
attendance at our city’s art museums will also start to decrease. Thus
some of the city’s funds for supporting the arts should be reallocated
to public television.” Discuss how well reasoned . . . Etc.
following appeared in a report presented for discussion at a meeting of
the directors of a company that manufactures parts for heavy machinery.
“The falling revenues that the company is experiencing coincide with
delays in manufacturing. These delays, in turn, are due in large part to
poor planning in purchasing metals. Consider further that the manager of
the department that handles purchasing of raw materials has an excellent
background in general business, psychology, and sociology, but knows
little about the properties of metals. The company should, therefore,
move the purchasing manager to the sales department and bring in a
scientist from the research division to be manager of the purchasing
department.” Discuss how well reasoned . . . Etc.
following appeared in an announcement issued by the publisher of The
Mercury, a weekly newspaper. “Since a competing lower-priced newspaper,
The Bugle, was started five years ago, The Mercury’s circulation has
declined by 10,000 readers. The best way to get more people to read The
Mercury is to reduce its price below that of The Bugle, at least until
circulation increases to former levels. The increased circulation of The
Mercury will attract more businesses to buy advertising space in the
paper.” Discuss how well reasoned . . . Etc.
6. The following appeared as part of an article in a magazine devoted to
regional life. “Corporations should look to the city of Helios when
seeking new business opportunities or a new location. Even in the recent
recession, Helios’s unemployment rate was lower than the regional
average. It is the industrial center of the region, and historically it
has provided more than its share of the region’s manufacturing jobs. In
addition, Helios is attempting to expand its economic base by attracting
companies that focus on research and development of innovative
technologies.” Discuss how well reasoned . . . Etc.
following appeared in the health section of a magazine on trends and
lifestyles. “People who use the artificial sweetener aspartame are
better off consuming sugar, since aspartame can actually contribute to
weight gain rather than weight loss. For example, high levels of
aspartame have been shown to trigger a craving for food by depleting the
brain of a chemical that registers satiety, or the sense of being full.
Furthermore, studies suggest that sugars, if consumed after at least 45
minutes of continuous exercise, actually enhance the body’s ability to
burn fat. Consequently, those who drink aspartame-sweetened juices after
exercise will also lose this calorie-burning benefit. Thus it appears
that people consuming aspartame rather than sugar are unlikely to
achieve their dietary goals.” Discuss how well reasoned . . . Etc.
following appeared in the editorial section of a corporate newsletter.
“The common notion that workers are generally apathetic about management
issues is false, or at least outdated: a recently published survey
indicates that 79 percent of the nearly 1,200 workers who responded to
survey questionnaires expressed a high level of interest in the topics
of corporate restructuring and redesign of benefits programs.” Discuss
how well reasoned . . . Etc.
following appeared in the opinion column of a financial magazine. “On
average, middle-aged consumers devote 39 percent of their retail
expenditure to department store products and services, while for younger
consumers the average is only 25 percent. Since the number of
middle-aged people will increase dramatically within the next decade,
department stores can expect retail sales to increase significantly
during that period. Furthermore, to take advantage of the trend, these
stores should begin to replace some of those products intended to
attract the younger consumer with products intended to attract the
middle-aged consumer.” Discuss how well reasoned . . . Etc.
following appeared in the editorial section of a local newspaper. “This
past winter, 200 students from Waymarsh State College traveled to the
state capitol building to protest against proposed cuts in funding for
various state college programs. The other 12,000 Waymarsh students
evidently weren’t so concerned about their education: they either stayed
on campus or left for winter break. Since the group who did not protest
is far more numerous, it is more representative of the state’s college
students than are the protesters. Therefore the state legislature need
not heed the appeals of the protesting students.” Discuss how well
reasoned . . . Etc.